The vanilla plant is a climbing plant of the family Orchidaceae, which requires a lot of care and whose delicate flowers, once pollinated, give fruit, vanilla bean.
Of the 20 000 species that exist in the world, it is the only orchid to produce edible fruits. annual global production is on average 2000 tons and requires knowledge and ability of man to impregnate her. n general, it takes 3 years after planting for the first production, which is about 1 kg of pods per year and for 10 to 15 years.
Its fruit appears as a pod, elongated like a great green bean, lying on clusters called "brushes" of vanilla. Ephemeral and fragile, vanilla plants can produce up to 4 blades per year from July to September, each brush is composed of 10 to 12 cloves.
There are over a hundred different varieties of vanilla:
We offer vanilla is vanilla planifolia, it happens to be the most widespread in the world market. It is also known under the name of vanilla "bourbon". several names have been awarded in the past, the most common:
The Planifolia is the standard vanilla, all other varieties of vanilla are defined in this comparison. These varieties still present in our shadehouse bio are:
Tahitensis vanilla :
vanilla grown tahiti vanilla category sold very expensive and most often for perfumery.
Vanilla pompona :
variety rarely cultivated because it is of little value in the eyes of buyers.
« The A55 hybrid » :
cross between Tahitensis and Planifolia: type vanilla extremely rare because it is of the highest quality, it contains vanillin rate much higher than average. However its extreme fragility makes production very widespread in the world.
« TsyTetra » :
cross between Planifolia Tahitensis and very resistant, with a rate equal to that of vanillin of Planifolia. His only asset is its force is, however, very little cultivated.